Yesterday,the Abuja Division of the Federal High Court, has
fixed November 18 to commence hearing on the suit alleging that
the erstwhile Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, and
Emir of Kano, Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, was involved in an
alleged N50billion fraud.
Justice Ahmed Ramat Mohammed okayed the matter for hearing
after it was confirmed that all the parties had filed and exchanged
relevant court processes pertaining to the case.
The suit was entered before the high court by three shareholders of
the defunct Intercontinental Bank Plc, Abdullahi M. Sani, Adaeze
Onwuegbusi and Chijioke Ezeikpe.
The plaintiffs, through their lead counsel, Chief Chris Uche, SAN,
alleged that Sanusi, as the CBN governor, acted contrary to the
provisions of sections 12, 32, 35 and 39 of the Banks and Other
Financial Institutions Act, Cap B4 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria
2004, by deliberately falsifying the actual financial state of affairs/
solvency of intercontinental bank Plc and subsequently sold it to
his cronies at a ridiculous sum of N50bn.
They accused Sanusi of violating section 35(2) (d) of the Banks
and Other Financial Institutions Act, Cap B4 Laws of the
Federation of Nigeria 2004, by appointing Mahmoud Lai Alabi an
agent/staff of Senator Bukola Saraki as Managing Director of
Intercontinental Bank Plc, to superintend the eventual sale/
transfer of the bank to the trio of Mr Imokhuede, Mr. Wigwe, the
MD and Deputy MD respectively of Access Bank and Senator
Consequently, the plaintiffs are praying the court to among other
things, determine “Whether the 1st defendant, acting as the
Governor of the 2nd defendant did not act fraudulently, in breach of
his public office, against the public interest and contrary to the
provision of sections 12, 32, 35 and 39 of the Banks and Other
Financial Institutions Act, Cap B4 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria
2004, in taking over Intercontinental Bank Plc, of which the
plaintiffs are shareholders, and selling same to Access Bank Plc,
notwithstanding that the facilitator of the said sale/buy-over
transaction, Senator Bukola Saraki, was also indebted to
Intercontinental Bank Plc, to the tune of N8.9bn, through his
companies, Limkers, Dicetrade, Skyview Properties and Joy
Petroleum, to the knowledge of the 1st defendant.
As well as whether Sanusi, “Did not act fraudulently in waiving/
writing off the sum of 16.2bn owed by the Mr. Aig-Aigboje
Imokhuede and Mr. Herbert Wigwe, the Managing Director and
Deputy Managing Director of the Access Bank and the sum of
N8.9bn owed by Senator Bukola Saraki and other sums so owed,
all totalling over N40bn in a bid to enable the said Access Bank
Plc to fraudulently purchase Intercontinental Bank Plc at a
ridiculous sum of N50bn only, even when the quarterly profit of the
said Bank was more than N50bn and which Bank at the material
time was worth more than N1trillion, to the detriment of the
Plaintiffs as shareholders and investors.
Aside Sanusi, the CBN and the Security& Exchange Commission
were also joined as defendants in the suit.
Already, the former CBN boss has responded to the suit,
contending that the high court lacks the constitutional powers to
adjudicate on the matter.
In his preliminary objection, Sanusi relied on the provisions of
section 53(1) of the Banks and Other Financial Institutions Act and
section 52(1) of the Central Bank Act 2007, to challenge the
competence of the suit.
In an affidavit deposed to by one Nduka Okatta, Sanusi, insisted
that in his capacity as the governor of CBN, he had the statutory
duty to ensure monetary stability and to avert any imminent threat
to the soundness of the financial system in Nigeria.
Sanusi told the court that in June 2009, pursuant to the exercise of
his statutory functions and powers under the CBN Act 2007 and
the Banks and other Financial Institution Act, 2004, as governor of
the 2nd defendant, ordered a special examination into the books
and affairs of the defunct Intercontinental Bank Plc.
He said the examination revealed that the Bank was in grave
financial situation following its inadequate capital provision, poor
liquidity ratio and non-compliance with corporate governance
Besides, he maintained that it was in his bid to protect the
financial interests of depositors of the bank that he had on August
14, 2009, removed the then Managing Director and the
management team of the bank and appointed a new management
team to oversee the affairs of the bank.
According to him, as part of the efforts to protect the interest of the
bank’s depositors and the banking industry in general, the 2nd
defendant, CBN, injected the sum of N100billion into
Intercontinental Bank Plc, as a loan upon the terms set out in the
order of August 14, 2009.
“At the time the 2nd defendant injected the said sum of N100billion
into the defunct Intercontinental Bank Plc, the bank had gross
insufficient operating capital and was not always on its own able
to meet its obligations to its depositors”, he argued.
He further argued that the merger, take-over and subsequent
transfer of the assets and liabilities of Intercontinental Bank Plc
were done pursuant to a valid court order that was made on
January 23, 2012.
“The merger and takeover of the bank by Access Bank Plc is lawful
and valid, same having been done in good faith and in full
compliance with all the relevant laws and regulations”, Sanusi
argued, saying he was not in any way involved in the transactions
that resulted in the said merger.
“I did not in any way act in any fraudulent manner or did anything
outside the purview of my powers exercisable under the CBN Act”,
Likewise, the CBN, through its team of lawyers led by Chief Kola
Awodein, SAN, challenged the locus-standi of the plaintiffs, saying
the suit was premature and statute barred by reason of section
2(a) of the Public Officers Protection Act, Cap P41, Laws of the
Federation of Nigeria, 2004.
“The plaintiffs alleged fraud but failed to provide the essential
particulars of fraud and this action, as presently constituted, does
not disclose a cause of action against the applicant,” CBN argued.
CBN further told the court that sometime in 2011, certain
shareholders of the defunct Intercontinental Bank Plc, on behalf of
themselves and other affected shareholders including the plaintiffs
in the instant suit, commenced an action before this court.
It said the suit was dismissed on June 11, 2013, on the grounds
that it was statute barred and amounted to an abuse of court
process, noting that there has been an interval of more than two
years between the merger of the Bank with Access Bank Plc and
the institution of the instant matter.
It will also be recalled that three persons, Mrs. Queentte Lewit
Alagua, Charles Nwuba and Cyprian Nwuba, earlier applied to be
joined as co-plaintiffs in the suit, an application that was
vehemently opposed by Chief Uche, SAN, who accused them of
“masquerading for Access Bank Plc”.
Uche had prayed the court for an adjournment to enable him to
respond to Sanusi and CBN’s objections, as well as, to oppose the
Meantime, the plaintiffs have also prayed the court to determine
“Whether the 1st defendant, acting as the Governor of the 2nd
defendant, did not act fraudulently, in breach of his public office,
against the public interest and contrary to the provisions of
sections 12, 32, 35 and 39 of the Banks and Other Financial
Institutions Act, Cap B4 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004 in
deliberately strangulating the banking operations and falsifying the
actual financial state of affairs/solvency of intercontinental bank
Plc as a ground for revoking the operating licence of and taking
over the management of the said Intercontinental Bank Plc, of
which the plaintiffs are shareholders, only to undervalue the said
Bank to the detriment of the plaintiffs as shareholders and
investors and sell the said Bank to his friends/associates/cronies
in Access Bank Plc where Mr. Aig-Aigboje and Mr. Herbert Wigwe,
the Managing Director and Deputy Managing Director respectively
of the said Access Bank Plc, acting indebted to Intercontinental
Bank Plc, to the tune of N16.2bn, to the knowledge of the 1st
“Whether in the light of the letter of the Federal Government of
Nigeria dated February 19, 2014, and the report of the Financial
Reporting Council of Nigeria exposing the misdeeds of the 1st
defendant as Governor of the CBN, the handover of the
Intercontinental Bank Plc by thr 1st defendant in questionable
circumstances to Access Bank Plc is not an act of unprofessional
conduct carried out in utmost bad faith which has adversely
affected the rights and interests of the plaintiffs.
As well as, “Whether the 3rd defendant, as the official and apex
regulator of the Nigerian Capital Market acting under her powers
pursuant to section 13 of the Investments and Securities Act 2007
ought not to conduct a detailed enquiry/investigation into the
circumstances relating to and connected with the sale/acquisition/
take-over/transfer of the shares, assets and securities of
Intercontinental Bank Plc to Access Bank Plc, in order to protect
the plaintiffs as shareholders and investors of Intercontinental
Bank Plc from fraudulent and unfair practices and their adverse
consequences and for the maintenance of fair and orderly
securities market and to protect the integrity of the securities
market against all forms of abuse as occasioned herein by the 1st
defendant and his friends/associates/cronies”.